This could involve any industry or manufacturing concern, from those of the small and medium sized companies to very large corporations. We’re talking about recycling. This would especially be the case with recycling wooden pallets. If a warehouse uses a large number of pallets constantly, these pallets are bound to get broken. Their construction is very basic; wooden slats and blocks, nailed, screwed or stapled together. The quality of the wood used is not great either. After a few repairs, they are best thrown away. Then the company is left with a pile of broken wooden pallets rotting away in the corner of a transport yard or in a warehouse.
Recycling wooden pallets.
A far better idea is to consider recycling wooden pallets. The resulting material can then be used as fuel in wood burners. This could generate a new source of income. It is also providing a source of energy from recycled material.
Not just wooden pallets.
Any concern from a small joiner up to a major furniture manufacturer will generate a lot of wood waste.
This includes any organic wood product as well as possibly husks and coconut shells.
The basic idea of the process is to reduce the wood down to small units. These could vary in size from fairly large chunks, down to dust or very small chips. These could possibly be used as fillers, but the bulk of the larger material would end up in wood furnaces.
Therefore, what machinery should be used for recycling wooden palletsand other organic wood products?
Shredders are designed to take a wide range of materials of different sizes. The power needed for these machines ranges from 15Kw to 320Kw drives. The output material size is 50 mm but smaller sizes can be produced.
All the nails, screws, bolts, staples and all the other contaminants do not affect these machines. Any of these could be found in an old wooden pallet. Magnet Head Drums or Cross Belt Magnets can remove these items afterwards.
Granulators are best used with wood waste free from ferrous contaminants, nails, staples etc. These will reduce the wood to very fine components and even saw dust. The power needed to operate these machines ranges from 11Kw to 400Kw.
If the waste wood has contaminants, a better option would be to use Hammermills. These will not be affected by nails, screws, bolts, staples etc. These machines “open up” the wood waste. This produces a “fibrous” output. This is very good in the making of pellets.
This very much depends upon the needs of each company. If a firm is operating with large range of wood products, including wood pallets and generating a lot of wood waste then it might be worth considering a processing line that is fully automated. It might also be an idea to include the following in this recycling process; separators, cyclones, blowers and conveyors. All these can be set up to meet the needs of the specific factory.
On the other hand, if the concern is a small joinery company, then a “turn key” solution could be better. Say a shredder could be used to process “off cuts”.
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